The following excerpts on Evacuation Guidelines are from the 2012 Edition of K.L.E.A.N. Emergency Resources Guide Volume 1, Section 2: Emergency Planning, Page 2-5 to Page 2-8.
Evacuation of the Campbell Industrial Park and the surrounding area may be necessary in the event of a natural emergency, severe fire, or hazardous material release. At the onset of an emergency, all individuals must assess the degree of hazard and determine if evacuation is needed and appropriate for the situation. In some situations, evacuation may increase the risk of being injured. The decision to evacuate is highly dependent upon the immediate situation.
For major emergencies, the Honolulu DEM may provide evacuation instructions. For some natural emergencies, such as a tsunami caused by an earthquake, evacuation should be immediate for those individuals in the potentially affected areas. The emergency response guidelines provided in this Guide provide some general considerations for making the decision to evacuate.
Map 2-1 details the evacuation routes out of CIP. Businesses in and around CIP should review the map with their employees as part of their emergency preparedness programs. The map can be copied and posted at a convenient location within each business. Note that there is a single street leading from the Harbor and CIP. It is important that this street be kept open for emergency evacuation. It may be better to stay where you are or to move upwind of a hazardous materials release than to risk driving through a toxic or flammable cloud. If the road is blocked by an incident, and you must evacuate your location, move to an area of safety within CIP.
Hurricanes, tsunamis and fires are the most likely scenarios to potentially cause widespread damage and injury to CIP and its surrounding area. For most incidents, there will be enough warning of impending danger to allow businesses to follow their evacuation procedures. Evacuation routes from CIP include: the Park entrance on Kalaeloa Boulevard; and, with some restrictions, the gate on the east end of Malakole Street and the unimproved road on the west end of Malakole leading to Ko’Olina resort. Evacuation through either of these gates is an option only after Fire, Police, or Emergency Management responders have unlocked the access gates and are directing traffic to those locations. (Honolulu Fire Department Station 40 has a key for the gate.) The City and County Emergency Operations Plan includes provisions for shelters and care of CIP evacuees. Table 2-1, in Section 2.6.2, lists the shelters for CIP and surrounding areas. The Department of Emergency Management activates shelters on an as-needed basis.
Businesses in CIP should organize employees, contractors and visitors to ensure that safe meeting locations are designated and headcount procedures are in place. Evacuation plans developed by businesses should include evacuation from the immediate location and evacuation from CIP. They also need to account for the fact that some workers arrive at CIP by bus transportation from other locations.
The Honolulu DEM will coordinate bus transportation from city resources if needed during an evacuation. If additional buses are required, military resources may be requested through State Civil Defense. Some businesses in CIP have processes that must be continuously manned. Power plants and refineries may need a specific plan to continue operations after evacuation of the general population. Specific procedures need to be in place for the protection of those who stay behind to operate critical equipment. It is also advisable to notify the Fire Department in advance if the business emergency plans call for personnel to stay behind during an evacuation.
In event of a major emergency or a security related event, Honolulu Police Department or other law enforcement authority may block roads and limit access to the Park. Businesses are encouraged to make prior arrangements with the Honolulu Police Department for the identification of employees who may need to enter Campbell Industrial Park past roadblocks or checkpoints during an emergency.
2.6.1 Evacuation of Elderly or Disabled Individuals
The Department of Community Services and the Department of Emergency Management have a program for identifying and assisting disabled and elderly who need help in leaving their homes during an evacuation or disaster. The program will also alert the hearing-impaired or those using home life support units who need advance notice of an impending disaster.
For more information on this program, contact the Emergency Coordinator at the City Department of Community Services at the address listed in Volume II, Section 5, Directory.
2.6.2 Community Shelters and Care Facilities
In the event of a hurricane or tsunami, potential community shelters available for Makakilo, Kapolei, Makaha and other areas surrounding CIP are listed below:
As noted above, not all shelters are available for every type of emergency. Most locations will be opened selectively, depending upon the areas affected and the hazard area. Other alternatives to community shelters include the homes of relatives whose residences are not endangered, and facilities provided by your employer or church group. Listen to radio and television announcements for specific shelter designations and opening schedules.
2.6.3 CIP Evacuation Guidelines
Incidents at the Campbell Industrial Park vary in severity and magnitude. No single evacuation plan will meet the requirements for all types of incidents. Emergency responders shall determine the need and scope of evacuation based on the actual and projected level of impact. The goal of these guidelines is to facilitate a safe and expeditious evacuation by minimizing cross traffic conflicts. Refer to Evacuation Maps on the facing page to identify the best routes from your place of business.
Environmental release activities can be obtained by logging on to the C.L.E.A.N. website at www.cleanhawaii.org or by calling the CIP Environmental Hotline at (808) 674-3388. If deemed necessary, emergency responder may implement door-to-door evacuation. For major emergencies, the Honolulu Department of Emergency Management may provide evacuation instructions. When the emergency sirens are sounded, ensure that your facility is tuned into the Emergency Alert System (EAS) for additional information. Audio broadcast is available through a network of local radio stations, AM590, and FM96.3. Emergency Alert Sentinel radios, distributed by C.L.E.A.N., silently monitor local commercial radio stations for emergency alert broadcasts; automatically warn the user with a tone and broadcast any message sent through the EAS. Make sure they are properly installed and maintained.
Kalaeloa Boulevard is the primary evacuation route for the Park. The Honolulu Police Department has authority to open up both directions of traffic for egress when necessary. Based on the dynamics of the scenario, the unimproved road to Ko’Olina and/or the Malakole Gate may be also designated as evacuation routes as well. Traffic posts may be manned at strategic intersections, as long as the location is safe for police officers to remain. Businesses should direct commercial and industrial vehicles not to return to CIP during an evacuation.
Each business is urged to identify more than one evacuation route and assembly area for employees. Conduct periodic training and drill to test competency and identify areas for improvement. Note that prevailing wind is from the northeast. Alerting employees of changing wind pattern is a good practice as it may affect the evacuation route selection during an emergency. See Section 5.1 and 5.2 of the Emergency Resource Guide Volume 1 for more planning information.
It is important to be prepared to shelter-in-place to minimize traffic congestion and to continue essential plant operation in a safe manner. A Shelter-In-Place Checklist can be found in Section 5.2 of the Emergency Resource Guide Volume 1.